Why is Bitcoin Crashing? Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research October 15, 2023

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  • Discover the reasons behind bitcoin crashing, exploring factors such as market sentiment, regulatory concerns and technological challenges
  • Bitcoin, a decentralized digital currency, has experienced significant highs and lows since its introduction in 2009
  • Factors such as market sentiment, regulatory developments, macroeconomic conditions, technological advancements and market manipulation can contribute to bitcoin crashes
  • Bitcoin's unique aspects, including limited supply, market speculation, decentralization and the emerging nature of the cryptocurrency market contribute to its price volatility


Cryptocurrency markets are influenced by a wide range of factors, including market sentiment, regulatory developments, macroeconomic conditions, what's in the news and investor behavior.

Naturally, when the news is bad about bitcoin, there are a lot more people selling than buying it. These people sell bitcoin for lower prices than the current value so that they can sell it quickly. This causes the price to drop. Conversely, when the news is good about bitcoin, there are more people buying bitcoin than there are people selling it. Bitcoin is purchased for higher prices than its current value, so that they can buy it quickly. This results in projections of bitcoin to rise.

Throughout bitcoin's history, the times it has crashed have been primarily due to crash predictions driving investors to sell (2018 crash), when the price halved in 2015 due to wide speculations and when investors became concerned about new regulations with China and South Korea simultaneously banning bitcoin, late 2021.

A Brief History

Bitcoin's journey has been marked by significant highs and lows. In its early years, the cryptocurrency attracted attention primarily from technology enthusiasts and those seeking an alternative to traditional financial systems. The price of bitcoin remained relatively low, with occasional spikes and subsequent corrections.

However, as awareness and adoption grew, bitcoin experienced its first major price rally in 2013. The price surged to over $1,000, capturing mainstream media attention and generating widespread interest. This rally was followed by a sharp correction, with the price dropping by more than 80% in the following months.

The next major rally occurred in late 2017, when Bitcoin reached a then all-time high of nearly $20,000. This period, often referred to as the "crypto bubble," saw a surge of new investors entering the market, driven by the fear of missing out on potential gains. However, the bubble eventually burst, leading to a prolonged bear market lasting several years until 2021, when a fresh high near $70,000 per bitcoin was reached.

Why is Bitcoin Crashing? Everything to Know

Bitcoin crashes can be attributed to a combination of factors, including market sentiment, regulatory developments, macroeconomic conditions, technological advancements and market manipulation. It's important to delve into these factors in more detail.

  • Market Sentiment: Bitcoin's price is highly influenced by market sentiment, driven by investor emotions such as fear and greed. Positive sentiment leads to optimism and buying, driving the price up. Conversely, negative sentiment can trigger panic selling and subsequent price declines.
  • Regulatory Developments: Government regulations and policies can significantly impact the cryptocurrency market, including bitcoin. News of potential bans, stricter regulations or crackdowns on cryptocurrency-related activities can create uncertainty and cause market participants to sell holdings, leading to a crash.
  • Macroeconomic Conditions: Bitcoin's price is also influenced by broader macroeconomic factors such as inflation, interest rates and geopolitical events. Economic instability or uncertainty can drive investors towards safe-haven assets like gold and away from riskier investments like bitcoin, causing its price to drop.
  • Technological Advancements: Bitcoin operates on decentralized technology called blockchain, which is continuously evolving. Technological advancements, such as software upgrades or scalability solutions, can impact bitcoin's price. Positive developments may instill confidence and attract new investors, while setbacks or vulnerabilities discovered in the technology may lead to price declines.
  • Market Manipulation: The cryptocurrency market is susceptible to manipulation. Whales, individuals or entities holding significant amounts of bitcoin, can influence the market through large trades, creating artificial buying or selling pressure. This manipulation can trigger cascading effects, resulting in price crashes.

Getting Started

To understand bitcoin crashes, it's important to know the basics. Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency created by an anonymous person or group called Satoshi Nakamoto. It operates on blockchain technology and isn't controlled by any government or entity.

Bitcoin transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain, maintained by a network of computers spread worldwide. These computers validate and secure transactions, ensuring the integrity of the Bitcoin network. Bitcoin's decentralized nature and cryptographic techniques make it resistant to censorship and fraud.

Unique Aspects

Bitcoin's unique aspects contribute to its price volatility. Bitcoin lacks intrinsic value, making its price determined primarily by supply and demand, investor perception and speculative trading. One key aspect is its limited supply. Unlike fiat currencies, bitcoin has a maximum supply of 21 million coins. The scarcity, coupled with increasing demand, has driven up its price over time.

Market speculation also plays a significant role. Bitcoin's price is driven by supply and demand dynamics. When more people and institutions adopt bitcoin, demand rises, pushing up the price. Conversely, negative sentiment or uncertainty can decrease demand and lead to price declines. Speculators and traders amplify these price movements as they profit from short-term fluctuations.

Bitcoin's decentralized nature and lack of regulatory oversight also contribute to its volatility. While decentralization offers advantages like censorship resistance, it means bitcoin is not immune to external factors and market sentiment. News events, regulations and macroeconomic factors can significantly impact its price. Regulatory crackdowns or negative media coverage, for example, can trigger sell-offs and market downturns.

Additionally, the cryptocurrency market's emerging nature and smaller size compared to traditional financial markets amplify bitcoin's price volatility. The crypto market is still in its early stages, with lower liquidity and less institutional participation. As a result, even relatively small buy or sell orders can have a significant impact on bitcoin's price.


  • Decentralization: Bitcoin operates on a decentralized network, meaning it is not controlled by any central authority. This gives individuals greater control over funds and reduces the risk of censorship.
  • Security: Bitcoin uses advanced cryptographic techniques to secure transactions and protect users' funds. The blockchain, a public ledger, ensures transparency and immutability, making it difficult for malicious actors to manipulate the data.
  • Privacy: Bitcoin transactions are recorded on the blockchain via pseudonymous, offering a certain level of privacy compared to traditional financial systems.
  • Global Accessibility: Bitcoin transcends geographical boundaries, allowing anyone with an internet connection to participate. This is particularly valuable in regions with limited banking infrastructure.
  • Potential for Growth: Bitcoin's limited supply and increasing adoption contribute to its potential for long-term growth.


  • Volatility: Bitcoin's price is notorious for its sharp price swings. This volatility can be attributed to factors such as market speculation, regulatory developments, macroeconomic events and investor sentiment.
  • Scalability Challenges: Bitcoin's original design has faced scalability issues, resulting in higher fees and longer confirmation times during periods of high demand. Efforts to address these challenges are ongoing but have yet to reach a universally accepted solution.
  • Energy Consumption: Bitcoin mining requires substantial computational power and energy consumption, raising concerns about its environmental impact. However, it has also spurred interest in renewable energy sources for mining.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty: The regulatory landscape surrounding cryptocurrencies is still evolving, creating challenges for businesses and individuals operating in the cryptocurrency space.
  • Potential for Illicit Activities: The pseudonymous nature of bitcoin transactions has led to concerns about its use in illicit activities. While the vast majority of bitcoin transactions are legitimate, the association with illicit activities has created a negative perception.