USDT Crypto: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research September 25, 2023

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  • "USDT" is the ticker symbol for "tether," a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. dollar to maintain a stable value
  • It provides a digital alternative for seamless transactions on blockchain networks
  • Tether Limited, the company behind tether, has faced criticism and controversies regarding the transparency of reserves and allegations of price manipulation
  • Despite concerns, tether has gained significant liquidity and market presence, and boasts stability, accessibility and widespread adoption


"USDT" is the ticker symbol for "tether," a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. dollar to maintain a stable value. Each tether token is intended to be backed by one U.S. dollar held in reserve, making it a "stable" digital asset. This stability is achieved by regular audits to ensure that the backing funds match the number of tether tokens in circulation.

Tether is often used in the cryptocurrency world as a means to trade and transfer value quickly while avoiding the price volatility commonly associated with other cryptocurrencies like bitcoin or ether. It serves as a bridge between the world of traditional finance and cryptocurrencies, providing a stable and widely accepted unit of value within the digital realm.

A Brief History

Tether (USDT) was launched in 2014 by Tether Limited, a company operating under Bitfinex cryptocurrency exchange. The primary goal was to address the volatility issues in the cryptocurrency market. Tether aimed to provide users with a reliable and stable digital asset by pegging the cryptocurrency to a fiat currency.

Initially, Tether was built on the Bitcoin blockchain using the Omni Layer protocol. However, as demand grew, the project expanded to other blockchain networks to enhance scalability and accommodate more transactions. Tether has since adopted alternative protocols, including Ethereum (ERC-20 standard) and Tron (TRC-20 standard), which offer faster and more efficient transactions than the Bitcoin network.

USDT Crypto: Everything to Know

  • Issuance and Transparency . Tether Limited creates and issues new tether tokens by depositing fiat currency into the associated reserve. To ensure transparency, Tether publishes reports detailing the reserves held, allowing users to verify the backing of each token.
  • Use Cases . Tether (USDT) serves various purposes in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. It offers a stable medium of exchange for traders and investors who want to hedge against market volatility without converting to traditional fiat currencies. Additionally, tether is commonly used as a trading pair on many cryptocurrency exchanges, facilitating easy transitions between different digital assets.
  • Liquidity and Market Presence . Tether has gained significant liquidity and market presence over time. It is widely supported by numerous cryptocurrency exchanges and plays a fundamental role in trading various cryptocurrencies. The high liquidity of tether enables users to quickly convert holdings into other cryptocurrencies or fiat currencies, facilitating seamless transactions in the crypto market.
  • Criticisms and Controversies . Despite popularity, tether has faced criticism and controversy. Concerns include the transparency of Tether's reserves, as the company's claims have been scrutinized. Additionally, there have been allegations of price manipulation and inadequate auditing practices. These controversies raise questions about the stability and trustworthiness of tether as a stablecoin.
  • Regulatory Environment . As the cryptocurrency market evolves, regulatory scrutiny of stablecoins like tether has increased. Authorities worldwide are focusing on ensuring compliance with existing regulations, particularly regarding "anti-money laundering" (AML) and "know-your-customer" (KYC) requirements. The regulatory landscape for stablecoins is an ongoing topic of discussion and development.

Getting Started

To use tether (USDT), users need a compatible digital wallet that supports the token. There are different wallet options available, including software and hardware wallets. It is important to choose a reputable wallet provider that prioritizes security and has a user-friendly interface. Once a user has obtained a suitable wallet, they can create an account and generate a wallet address to receive and store tether.

After setting up a wallet, users can acquire tether through various methods. One common approach is to use a cryptocurrency exchange. Many exchanges support tether trading pairs, allowing users to exchange other cryptocurrencies or fiat currencies for tether. When choosing an exchange, users should consider factors such as security, liquidity, fees and the availability of trading pairs. Some platforms also offer direct purchase options, allowing users to buy tether using a credit card or bank transfer.

Once users have acquired tether, it is important to understand how to transact with it. Tether operates on different blockchain networks, including Ethereum, Tron and others. Each network has unique addresses and transaction processes. When sending tether, users must ensure that they have the correct recipient address compatible with the blockchain network they are using. Users should double-check the address to avoid irreversible errors, as blockchain transactions are typically irreversible.

Unique Aspects

One unique aspect of tether (USDT) is a pegged value. Unlike many other cryptocurrencies that experience significant price fluctuations, tether aims to maintain a stable value of 1:1 with the underlying asset it represents, usually the U.S. dollar. This stability is achieved through reserves and mechanisms implemented by Tether. Tether claims to maintain a reserve of fiat currency equivalent to the number of tether tokens in circulation, providing assurance regarding the stability of the token.

Another notable aspect of tether is widespread adoption and liquidity in the cryptocurrency market. Due to its stable nature, tether has become a popular choice for traders and investors who want to hedge positions during times of market volatility. Availability on multiple blockchain networks also contributes to liquidity, allowing users to transact with tether seamlessly across various platforms and decentralized exchange (DEX) platforms.

It is important to note that the stability of tether relies on the trustworthiness and transparency of Tether Limited. Critics have raised concerns about the company's ability to maintain the claimed reserves and have called for more extensive audits and regulatory oversight. These concerns stem from the lack of complete transparency regarding Tether's reserve holdings. However, it is worth mentioning that Tether has made efforts to address these concerns by conducting audits and providing periodic reports on the reserves.


  • Stability . A primary advantage of tether (USDT) is stability. As a stablecoin, tether's value is pegged to a fiat currency, typically the U.S. dollar. This stability makes tether a reliable store of value and a useful medium of exchange.
  • Liquidity . Tether has widespread acceptance and is supported by numerous cryptocurrency exchanges. This extensive adoption has led to high liquidity for tether, making it easy to buy, sell and trade. The availability of liquidity enables seamless transactions and enhances the overall user experience.
  • Accessibility . Tether can be accessed by anyone with an internet connection, making it highly accessible worldwide. This accessibility is especially beneficial for individuals in regions with limited access to traditional banking services. By using tether, people can participate in the global economy and engage in cross-border transactions without needing a traditional bank account.
  • Speed . Transferring tether is generally faster compared to traditional banking systems. Blockchain technology enables near-instantaneous transactions, eliminating the need for intermediaries and reducing processing times. This speed is advantageous for individuals and businesses that require quick settlement of funds.
  • Transparency . Tether operates on public blockchains like Ethereum and Tron, providing transparency and immutability to transactions. Users can verify and trace the movement of tether, enhancing trust and accountability within the ecosystem.


  • Centralization . A main criticism of tether (USDT) is its centralized nature. Tether Limited, the company behind it, controls the issuance and management of the stablecoin. This centralization introduces counterparty risk, as users must trust the company to maintain the peg to the underlying fiat currency. In contrast, decentralized stablecoins aim to eliminate reliance on a single entity.
  • Regulatory Concerns . The centralized nature of tether has raised concerns among regulators worldwide. Governments and regulatory bodies have scrutinized tether and the associated risks due to the potential impact on financial stability. This regulatory uncertainty can create a challenging environment for tether, potentially leading to limitations on usage.
  • Counterparty Risk . Holding tether involves counterparty risk, as users rely on Tether Limited to maintain the peg to the underlying fiat currency. If Tether Limited faces financial or regulatory issues, it may impact the stability and value of tether. This counterparty risk is an important consideration for individuals and institutions when deciding whether to hold tether.
  • Lack of Auditing . Tether Limited's previous failure to provide regular audits of reserves has raised concerns about the transparency and backing of tether. While the company has taken steps to address this issue, the lack of frequent and independent audits can create doubts about the stability and trustworthiness of tether.
  • Volatility of Underlying Fiat Currency . Although tether is designed to be stable, the value of the underlying fiat currency, typically the U.S. dollar, can still experience fluctuations. If the pegged currency experiences significant volatility, it may impact the stability of tether and introduce some level of risk.