SushiSwap: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research August 16, 2023

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  • SushiSwap is a decentralized finance (DeFi) protocol built on the Ethereum blockchain that focuses on automated market-making (AMM) and yield farming
  • SushiSwap emerged in 2020 from a fork of Uniswap, another popular decentralized exchange protocol. However, SushiSwap introduced additional features, such as the ability to earn rewards through liquidity provision (yield farming).
  • SushiSwap popularized the concept of yield farming and liquidity mining in the DeFi space. Users can stake their tokens in liquidity pools and earn rewards in the form of SUSHI tokens, the native token of SushiSwap.
  • SUSHI is the governance and utility token of the SushiSwap ecosystem. Holders of SUSHI can participate in decision-making regarding protocol upgrades and changes.


SushiSwap is a decentralized finance (DeFi) protocol built on the Ethereum blockchain that focuses on automated market-making (AMM) and yield farming. It was born as a fork of Uniswap and brings a twist to decentralized finance. With automated market-making and yield farming, it serves up a community-driven platter where users can swap, stake and savor rewards through its iconic SUSHI tokens.

Being a decentralized exchange (DEX) built on the Ethereum blockchain, SushiSwap enables users to trade various cryptocurrencies without the need for intermediaries like traditional exchanges. By leveraging smart contracts, SushiSwap allows users to swap, buy and sell digital assets directly from their wallets.

A Brief History

The story of SushiSwap began in August 2020 when it emerged as a fork of Uniswap, another popular decentralized exchange. It was created by an anonymous developer known as Chef Nomi. SushiSwap aimed to address some of the concerns regarding Uniswap's governance and token distribution.

Shortly after its launch, SushiSwap gained traction within the crypto community. Users were enticed by the platform's unique features, such as yield farming and liquidity provision incentives. These features allowed users to earn rewards by staking their assets on the platform while also providing liquidity to the SushiSwap ecosystem.

However, SushiSwap faced a significant setback when Chef Nomi withdrew a substantial amount of funds from the project's treasury. This move sparked controversy and led to a decline in SushiSwap's reputation. In a surprising turn of events, Chef Nomi returned the funds and apologized for their actions, which helped restore some faith in the project.

What is SushiSwap?

SushiSwap operates on the automated market maker (AMM) model, which relies on liquidity pools to facilitate trades. Users can contribute their cryptocurrency holdings to these pools, earning fees in return. The platform's native token, SUSHI, plays a crucial role in its ecosystem. It serves as a governance token, allowing holders to participate in decision-making processes and shape the future of the protocol.

One of the key features that set SushiSwap apart is its focus on yield farming. Yield farming involves providing liquidity to the platform in exchange for rewards. Users can stake their assets in specific pools and earn additional tokens as incentives. These rewards can vary depending on the pool's popularity and the amount of liquidity provided.

To enhance liquidity provision, SushiSwap introduced the concept of "Onsen," which offers additional rewards for specific pools. Onsen incentivizes users to contribute to pools that require more liquidity, thereby improving the overall trading experience on the platform.

Another notable aspect of SushiSwap is its commitment to community governance. Holders of SUSHI tokens can submit and vote on proposals to shape the platform's development and direction. This democratic approach ensures that the decision-making power is distributed among the community members, fostering a sense of collective ownership.

Getting Started

To begin using SushiSwap, you'll need an Ethereum-compatible wallet, such as MetaMask or Trust Wallet. These wallets allow you to securely store your cryptocurrencies and interact with decentralized applications (dapps) like SushiSwap. Once you have a wallet set up, you can access SushiSwap's platform.

SushiSwap operates on the concept of automated market making (AMM), which means that users can trade tokens directly from their wallets without relying on an intermediary. The platform utilizes liquidity pools, where users can deposit their tokens and earn fees by providing liquidity. To participate, you need to add tokens to a specific liquidity pool, which enables others to trade those tokens. In return, you receive liquidity pool tokens representing your share of the pool.

Unique Aspects

One of the unique aspects of SushiSwap is its focus on community governance. It introduced a novel feature called "SushiBar" that allows users to stake their SUSHI tokens and earn xSUSHI tokens. These xSUSHI tokens can then be used to participate in the platform's governance decisions. This mechanism empowers token holders to have a say in the future development and direction of the protocol.

SushiSwap also implemented a feature called "Onsen," which incentivizes users to provide liquidity for specific token pairs by offering additional rewards. These rewards, known as yield farming, are distributed to liquidity providers in the form of additional tokens. Onsen aims to attract liquidity to specific pools, promoting a healthy trading environment and increasing the overall liquidity of the platform.

Furthermore, SushiSwap introduced "BentoBox," a lending and borrowing platform integrated within the exchange. BentoBox allows users to earn interest on their deposited assets and also borrow against their collateral. This feature provides additional utility to users, enabling them to maximize the potential of their assets beyond just trading.


  • Liquidity Provision: SushiSwap incentivizes users to provide liquidity to the platform by allowing them to earn rewards in the form of SUSHI tokens. This helps to maintain a healthy liquidity pool, ensuring that traders can easily buy and sell tokens without significant price slippage.
  • Community Governance: Unlike traditional exchanges, SushiSwap is governed by its community through a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO). Holders of SUSHI tokens have the power to propose and vote on changes to the platform, fostering a sense of ownership and inclusivity.
  • Yield Farming Opportunities: SushiSwap offers various yield farming options, allowing users to earn additional rewards by staking their tokens in liquidity pools. This feature has attracted many users seeking to maximize returns on their crypto assets.
  • Lower Fees: By utilizing a decentralized model, SushiSwap eliminates the need for intermediaries and reduces transaction costs. Compared to centralized exchanges, which often charge higher fees, SushiSwap offers a more cost-effective solution for traders.
  • Enhanced Privacy and Security: As a decentralized exchange, SushiSwap prioritizes user privacy and security. Since users retain control of their funds in their wallets, they are not exposed to the risks associated with centralized exchanges, such as hacking or custodial mishaps.


  • Impermanent Loss: When providing liquidity to SushiSwap, users face the risk of impermanent loss. This occurs when the price of the tokens in the pool diverges significantly, resulting in a reduction of the overall value of the deposited assets. Traders should carefully consider this risk before participating in liquidity provision.
  • Smart Contract Risks: SushiSwap, like any other decentralized exchange, relies on smart contracts to execute transactions. While smart contracts are designed to be secure, they are not immune to vulnerabilities or exploitation. Users must remain vigilant and stay informed about potential risks associated with interacting with smart contracts.
  • Limited Token Selection: Although SushiSwap supports a wide range of tokens, it may not list all the tokens available on centralized exchanges. This limitation can be a drawback for users who wish to trade specific tokens that are not yet available on the platform.
  • Network Congestion: SushiSwap operates on the Ethereum blockchain, which has experienced congestion and high transaction fees during periods of high demand. Users may encounter delays or increased costs when executing transactions on the platform during these times.
  • Learning Curve: For newcomers to the cryptocurrency space, navigating SushiSwap and understanding its features may require some learning. The decentralized nature of the platform and the concepts of liquidity provision and yield farming can be complex for beginners.