Silvergate Bank Collapse: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research September 26, 2023

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  • Silvergate Bank was a California-based, crypto-friendly bank that collapsed in March 2023
  • The collapse was caused by a combination of factors including the FTX crypto exchange collapse, rising interest rates and a liquidity crisis
  • The collapse raised concerns about the safety and soundness of crypto banks like Silvergate
  • The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) has said that depositors at Silvergate Bank will be fully repaid


Silvergate Bank was a California-based crypto-friendly bank that collapsed in March 2023. It was one of the largest providers of real-time payments to crypto exchanges. The collapse of the cryptocurrency exchange FTX in November 2022 led to a significant decline in deposits at Silvergate Bank. The bank also faced losses due to rising interest rates and a liquidity crisis.

On March 8, 2023, Silvergate Bank announced that it would be winding down operations and liquidating the bank. The bank said that it was making this decision "in light of recent industry and regulatory developments." The collapse of Silvergate Bank was a significant blow to the cryptocurrency industry. It was one of the few banks that provided services to crypto companies. Its demise prompted questions about the safety and viability of cryptocurrency banks.

A Brief History

Silvergate Bank was founded in 1988. The bank was headquartered in La Jolla, California, where it served the San Diego area. In 2013 the bank began to focus on the cryptocurrency industry. In 2017 Silvergate Bank launched its Silvergate Exchange Network (SEN). The SEN was a real-time payment network that allowed crypto exchanges to send and receive money quickly and easily. Silvergate Bank grew as the cryptocurrency industry boomed. In 2018 Silvergate went public on the New York Stock Exchange. The bank's IPO was a success, and Silvergate used the proceeds to expand its business. I

In 2021 Silvergate acquired Diem Trust, a stablecoin issuer that Facebook backed. The acquisition gave Silvergate a foothold in the stablecoin market. In 2020 Silvergate launched its SEN Leverage product, which allows crypto companies to borrow fiat currency against crypto assets.

In 2021 Silvergate's business boomed as the cryptocurrency market skyrocketed. The bank's revenue and profits surged and its stock price reached an all-time high. However, in 2022, the cryptocurrency market crashed. In November 2022 the cryptocurrency exchange FTX collapsed. This led to a significant decline in deposits at Silvergate Bank. The bank also faced losses due to rising interest rates and a liquidity crisis. Silvergate's business was hit hard by the crash and its stock price plummeted. In March 2023 Silvergate collapsed. The bank cited recent industry and regulatory developments as the reasons for the collapse.

What is the Silvergate Bank Collapse?

Silvergate Bank collapsed in March 2023 after suffering a series of losses due to the crypto winter. Crypto winter is a period of sustained decline in the prices of cryptocurrencies. Many crypto companies were forced to lay off employees and shut down operations. The crypto winter also led to a significant decline in the value of cryptocurrencies.

The decline in the value of cryptocurrencies had a negative impact on Silvergate Bank. The bank's customers were less likely to borrow money from the bank and more likely to withdraw deposits. This led to a liquidity crisis at Silvergate Bank. On March 8, 2023, Silvergate Bank announced that it was closing its doors and selling off its assets. The bank's collapse was a significant setback for the cryptocurrency industry and raised concerns about the stability of the crypto ecosystem.

Getting Started

  1. Silvergate Bank press release. The Silvergate Bank press release is an excellent place to start if users want to learn more about what happened. The press release provides users with the bank's official statement on the collapse.
  2. News articles and blog posts. There are many news articles and blog posts that have been written about the Silvergate Bank collapse. These articles provide readers with different perspectives on the collapse and the impact it is having on the cryptocurrency industry.
  3. Follow experts. Many experts on social media have discussed the Silvergate Bank collapse. Following these experts can be an excellent way to stay up-to-date on the latest developments.

Unique Aspects

  • Crypto-Native Bank. Silvergate was one of the few banks that focused on providing services to cryptocurrency businesses and investors. This made it unique in the banking industry and positioned it to be a significant player in the growing cryptocurrency market. However, it also made the bank more vulnerable to the volatility and risks associated with crypto.
  • Rapid Growth and Expansion. In recent years, Silvergate had experienced rapid growth as the cryptocurrency market boomed. The bank's assets grew from $2.3 billion in 2020 to $6.3 billion in 2022. This rapid growth was driven by Silvergate's focus on the cryptocurrency market and its ability to attract new customers and deposits.
  • Exposure to the FTX Collapse. Silvergate had significant exposure to the FTX cryptocurrency exchange, which collapsed in November 2022. FTX was one of Silvergate's largest customers and held a significant amount of deposits at the bank. The collapse of FTX led to a loss of confidence in Silvergate and a sharp decline in its stock price.
  • Regulatory Scrutiny. Silvergate has been facing increased scrutiny from regulators in recent months. The bank has been investigated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), focused on Silvergate's risk management practices and its exposure to the cryptocurrency market.


  • Crypto Industry Support. Silvergate Bank was one of the few banks that provided banking services to the crypto industry. This gave Silvergate a unique advantage and allowed it to build strong relationships with many high-profile crypto clients.
  • Crypto Exchange Network. The Silvergate Exchange Network (SEN) was a real-time payment network. The SEN allowed crypto exchanges and other institutions to transfer money quickly and easily. This was a valuable service for the crypto industry, as it helped to improve liquidity and efficiency.
  • Regulatory Compliance. Silvergate Bank was known for its commitment to regulatory compliance. This is crucial in the crypto space, which is still relatively new and unregulated. Silvergate's compliance record gave its clients confidence that funds were safe and secure.
  • Financial Services. Silvergate Bank offered a variety of financial services tailored to the needs of crypto companies. This included services such as deposit and lending, as well as specialized services such as fiat-cryptocurrency conversions.
  • Industry Expertise. Silvergate Bank had extensive experience and expertise in serving the crypto industry. This gave the bank a deep understanding of the industry's needs and challenges.


  • Closure and Deposit Returns. The closure of Silvergate Bank resulted in the return of deposits, which caused inconveniences to customers. This is because customers had to find new banks to transfer money to, and users may have experienced delays in accessing funds.
  • Industry and Regulatory Developments. Recent industry and regulatory developments led to the bank's decision to shut down. Additionally, the bear market in cryptocurrencies has led to a decline in demand for Silvergate's services.
  • Losses and Withdrawals. Silvergate Bank faced significant losses after customers withdrew billions of dollars. This is because customers were concerned about the bank's financial stability after the collapse of FTX. The withdrawals led to a decline in Silvergate Bank's liquidity, and the bank was forced to sell assets at a loss to meet its obligations.
  • Risk for Crypto Companies. The collapse of Silvergate Bank raised concerns about where crypto companies would turn for banking services. This is because Silvergate Bank was one of the few banks that provided services to crypto companies. The bank's closure could make it more difficult for crypto companies to operate. It could also lead to increased risk in the industry.
  • Scrutiny and Contagion. Lawmakers scrutinized the bank collapse, fearing its impact on traditional finance. This is because Silvergate Bank was a member of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Bank closure raises contagion concerns for traditional finance.