Is Ethereum Dead? Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research September 21, 2023

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  • Get the facts and insights on the current state of Ethereum's development, market position and future prospects.
  • Ethereum, created in 2015, revolutionized cryptocurrency with its programmable blockchain and smart contracts.
  • However, Ethereum faces scalability challenges, high transaction fees, and competition from rival platforms like Binance Smart Chain and Solana
  • Despite these challenges, Ethereum remains prominent in the DeFi and NFT sectors, with a strong developer community and widespread adoption


Is Ethereum dead? Get the facts and insights on the current state of Ethereum's development, market position, and future prospects.

Ethereum stands out due to its innovative features and contributions to the blockchain ecosystem. It enables the creation and execution of smart contracts, opening up possibilities for dapps. This has led to the development of various dapps, including DeFi protocols and NFT marketplaces.

A Brief History

Understanding Ethereum's current state requires a look into its history. Ethereum's journey began with a groundbreaking whitepaper outlining a decentralized platform for smart contracts. The blockchain went live in July 2015, marking a new era in blockchain technology.

In the early years, Ethereum faced scalability challenges due to its reliance on proof-of-work (PoW) consensus, similar to Bitcoin. As Ethereum gained popularity, network congestion caused high fees and slower confirmations. To address scalability, alternative consensus mechanisms like proof-of-stake (PoS) were explored.

Is Ethereum Dead?: Everything to Know

Scalability Challenges. Ethereum's future is questioned due to scalability concerns. Network congestion led to soaring transaction fees, hindering everyday use. Ethereum 2.0, a major upgrade implementing PoS, aims to address scalability by introducing shard chains for parallel processing. However, full implementation and adoption are ongoing, and scalability issues persist.

Competition from Rival Platforms. Ethereum faces competition from blockchain networks like Binance Smart Chain (BSC), Solana and Polkadot. These platforms provide superior scalability and lower fees, attracting developers and users seeking alternatives. Ethereum's advantages include an established network effect, a large developer community, and a wide array of existing dapps.

Gas Fees and User Experience. High transaction fees (gas fees) persist on Ethereum, discouraging usage during high demand. Layer 2 solutions like Optimistic Rollups and ZK-Rollups are explored to alleviate the burden. However, widespread adoption and integration into the Ethereum ecosystem are ongoing.

DeFi and NFT Boom. Despite challenges, Ethereum remains prominent in the DeFi and NFT sectors. Most DeFi protocols and NFT marketplaces are built on Ethereum, leveraging its infrastructure and network effects. However, rapid growth strains the network and worsens scalability challenges.

Getting Started

To understand Ethereum, it's important to grasp its fundamental principles. Ethereum is a decentralized platform that allows developers to build and deploy smart contracts and dapps. Smart contracts are self-executing agreements with predefined conditions. Ethereum's native cryptocurrency, ether (ETH), powers the network and incentivizes participants.

Unique Aspects

Ethereum also has a strong and active developer community. Its flexibility and extensive tooling ecosystem attract developers. Programming languages like Solidity and developer-friendly frameworks like Truffle and Hardhat facilitate innovative projects on Ethereum.

Furthermore, Ethereum's network effect and widespread adoption make it significant in the cryptocurrency space. Many well-known projects and tokens are built on Ethereum, establishing it as a fundamental infrastructure that competitors struggle to replicate.

Scalability is a primary concern for Ethereum. As its popularity has grown, the network has become congested, resulting in high fees and slower confirmations.

The emergence of alternative blockchain platforms like Binance Smart Chain, Solana, and Polkadot has raised speculation about Ethereum's future. These platforms offer faster speeds and lower fees. However, Ethereum's network effect and developer community provide a significant advantage. Ethereum's tooling and infrastructure make it easier for developers to build and integrate.

Regulatory uncertainty poses a potential threat to Ethereum. Governments worldwide are grappling with cryptocurrency regulation. Regulatory actions could impact smart contracts and dapps, hindering Ethereum's growth. However, Ethereum's decentralized nature and global community make it resilient. Its distributed network and open-source ethos make it hard for any entity or jurisdiction to control.


  • Wide Adoption. Ethereum has gained significant adoption in the blockchain ecosystem, with numerous projects and dapps built on its platform. Its large developer community and established infrastructure make it appealing to businesses and individuals.
  • Smart Contract Functionality. Ethereum's ability to execute smart contracts enables the creation of dapps and automates various processes. This feature has opened up possibilities in finance, gaming, supply chain and other industries.
  • Interoperability. Ethereum's compatibility with other blockchain networks through standards like ERC-20 and ERC-721 allows for seamless integration and collaboration between projects. This promotes innovation and a diverse ecosystem.
  • Decentralization and Security. Ethereum operates on a decentralized network of nodes, ensuring no single entity controls the platform. This enhances security and reduces the risk of censorship or manipulation.
  • Developer-Friendly Environment. Ethereum provides a developer-friendly environment with robust tools, documentation and programming languages. This accessibility has attracted a vast community of developers, driving continuous improvement and innovation.
  • Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) Process. The EIP process enables transparent and community-driven evolution of the Ethereum protocol. Stakeholders can propose and discuss improvements, ensuring the platform adapts to changing needs.


  • Scalability Challenges. Ethereum faces concerns about scalability as the network grows and experiences increased usage. Transaction throughput limitations and high fees have become more pronounced with the rise of DeFi applications and NFTs, causing network congestion.
  • Network Congestion. Ethereum has encountered challenges with network congestion during periods of high demand. Congestion leads to longer transaction times and exorbitant fees, hindering user experience and application scalability.
  • Competition from Rival Platforms. Ethereum faces increasing competition from blockchain platforms addressing scalability and cost issues. Platforms like Binance Smart Chain, Solana and Polkadot offer faster transaction speeds and lower fees, potentially diverting users and developers from Ethereum.