Is Ethereum a Good Investment? Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research October 4, 2023

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  • Ethereum, created in 2015, is a decentralized blockchain platform that enables the creation and execution of smart contracts
  • The platform's programmable nature and smart contract functionality have fueled the rise of decentralized finance (DeFi) applications
  • Ethereum has undergone a significant upgrade, which addresses scalability and efficiency issues and has the potential to enhance its performance


Ethereum's ability to support smart contracts is a key factor that makes it attractive for investment. Smart contracts are self-executing agreements coded onto the Ethereum blockchain. They automatically execute contract terms when predefined conditions are met, eliminating intermediaries and reducing the risk of fraud or manipulation.

This feature unlocks possibilities in finance, supply chain management and real estate, among other applications.

A Brief History

To understand Ethereum's investment potential, it is important to look at its historical development. Ethereum's Initial Coin Offering (ICO) in 2014 raised around $18 million and marked the beginning of its journey. The platform's mainnet went live in July 2015, and since then, Ethereum has experienced remarkable growth and adoption.

One notable milestone in Ethereum's history is the implementation of the Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP)-1559 in August 2021. This upgrade aimed to address high transaction fees by introducing a new fee structure, including a base fee that is burned, reducing the overall supply of Ether. EIP-1559 has been well-received by the Ethereum community and has positive implications for ether (ETH), the network's native cryptocurrency.

Is Ethereum a Good Investment? Everything to Know

  • Market Dominance and Adoption. Ethereum is the leading smart contract platform in the cryptocurrency space. It has a significant market share and is the go-to platform for developers and projects building decentralized applications (dapps). The widespread adoption of Ethereum indicates a strong ecosystem and a higher likelihood of continued growth.
  • Potential for Decentralized Finance (DeFi). Ethereum's programmable nature and smart contract functionality have fueled the rise of decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. DeFi encompasses various financial services built on the Ethereum platform, such as lending, borrowing and decentralized exchanges. The exponential growth of the DeFi sector presents an opportunity for Ethereum to thrive as the primary platform for these applications.
  • Ethereum Upgrades. Ethereum undergoes significant upgrades to address scalability and efficiency issues. A recent upgrade involved transitioning from a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanism to a proof-of-stake (PoS) model. PoS allows participants to validate transactions and create new blocks based on the number of tokens they hold, reducing energy consumption and increasing network scalability.
  • Network Effects and Developer Community. Ethereum benefits from strong network effects, meaning that as more users and developers join the platform, its value and utility increase. The Ethereum ecosystem has a vibrant community of developers actively contributing to the platform's growth and improvement. This active developer community ensures continuous innovation and the development of new projects and applications on Ethereum, solidifying its position in the market.
  • Risks and Challenges. While Ethereum presents promising investment potential, it is important to consider the associated risks. One significant concern is the scalability of the Ethereum network, which has faced congestion and high transaction fees during periods of increased demand. Ethereum upgrades aim to address these issues, but successful implementation and adoption are not guaranteed. Additionally, regulatory uncertainties and competition from other blockchain platforms pose potential challenges to Ethereum's long-term success.

Getting Started

Before discussing Ethereum as an investment, it's important to understand the basics. Ethereum is built on blockchain technology, a transparent and decentralized ledger that records transactions across multiple computers. Unlike traditional financial systems, Ethereum's ether cryptocurrency enables peer-to-peer transactions without intermediaries like banks.

To invest in Ethereum, a digital wallet is needed for secure ether storage. Wallet options include software wallets for computers or mobile devices, hardware wallets for offline storage, and online wallets accessible through the internet. Once a wallet is set up, investors can purchase ether from cryptocurrency exchanges using fiat currency or other cryptocurrencies.

Unique Aspects

Ethereum's programmability allows developers to create decentralized applications that can transform these sectors. As more dapps are built on Ethereum, the demand for ETH (Ethereum's native cryptocurrency) may increase, potentially driving up its value.

Another distinguishing aspect of Ethereum is its scalability. Ethereum's upgrade to the existing network addresses scalability issues by implementing a new consensus mechanism called proof-of-stake (PoS). Unlike the current proof-of-work (PoW) mechanism, which requires miners to solve complex puzzles, PoS allows users to "stake" ether to secure the network. This transition is expected to enhance speed and efficiency, making Ethereum more viable for widespread adoption.

Furthermore, Ethereum has a vibrant and active developer community. This community continually improves the platform, develops new tools and builds innovative applications. The Ethereum ecosystem hosts numerous decentralized finance (DeFi) projects, offering financial services without intermediaries. DeFi's growth has attracted attention and investment, contributing to Ethereum's adoption and potential value.


  • Decentralization. Ethereum operates on a decentralized blockchain network, ensuring transparency, security and resistance to censorship.
  • Smart Contracts. The Ethereum network introduced smart contracts, enabling automation and eliminating intermediaries in various processes.
  • Developer Ecosystem. Ethereum has a vibrant community, resulting in innovative projects and continuous platform improvements.
  • Network Effect. Ethereum has a large user base and a wide range of applications, solidifying its position as a leading platform.
  • Established Market Presence. The Ethereum blockchain has been reliable since 2015, providing stability and confidence to investors.


  • Scalability Challenges. Ethereum faces difficulties in handling high transaction volumes efficiently, often leading to congestion and increased fees.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty. The evolving regulatory landscape introduces volatility and risks for ether investors.
  • Competition . Ethereum faces competition from other blockchain platforms addressing scalability issues.
  • Technological Risks. Ethereum is not immune to vulnerabilities, security breaches or software bugs.