Ether: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research July 6, 2023

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  • Ether is a cryptocurrency that serves as the native currency of the Ethereum blockchain
  • It acts as both a medium of exchange and a fuel for the Ethereum ecosystem
  • Ether is used within the Ethereum network to facilitate transactions and pay for computational services
  • The Ethereum platform's computation capabilities include interacting with DeFi, Dapps and NFTs


Ether is a cryptocurrency that is used as a form of payment on the Ethereum blockchain platform. Ethereum is a software platform that enables developers to build decentralized applications (Dapps) on top of its blockchain. This fuels the decentralized finance (DeFi) and non-fungible token (NFT) activities as well. Ether is used to pay for the computational resources needed to execute this blockchain software. Ethereum is designed to be more flexible and programmable than Bitcoin.

A Brief History

The Ethereum project was first proposed by Vitalik Buterin in 2013. Buterin was a developer working on Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency projects when he saw the potential of blockchain technology beyond just being a store of value. Specifically, Buterin wanted to create a blockchain-based platform that could support a wider range of applications.

In 2014, the Ethereum project launched its initial coin offering (ICO), which raised over $18 million in bitcoin. The Ethereum blockchain went live in July 2015.

What Is Ether?

Ether is the cryptocurrency used to pay for the execution of transactions and smart contract software on the Ethereum blockchain. It is similar to bitcoin in that it is a decentralized digital currency that uses cryptography to secure transactions and control the creation of new units. However, ether is not just a currency; it is also used to power the Ethereum blockchain. When a user wants to execute a smart contract or transaction on the Ethereum blockchain, they need to pay a fee in ether to the network of computers that validate and process the transaction.

The value of ether is determined by market demand and supply, just like any other cryptocurrency. Ether can be bought and sold on cryptocurrency exchanges, and its price can be highly volatile. Ether is also used as a store of value, much like bitcoin. However, it is important to note that ether has a different use case than bitcoin. While bitcoin is primarily used as a store of value and a means of payment, ether powers the Ethereum blockchain and execute smart contracts.

Getting Started

To get started with ether, a user must first understand how the Ethereum blockchain works. Ethereum is a decentralized platform that allows developers to build special software on top of its blockchain for DeFi, Dapps and NFTs. These applications can then be used to perform a wide range of functions, such as creating decentralized exchanges, trading NFTs, and executing complex financial transactions.

To interact with the Ethereum blockchain, a user must first obtain an Ethereum wallet. This is a software application that allows users to store, send and receive ether. There are many different types of Ethereum wallets, including hardware wallets, software wallets, and mobile wallets. Each type of wallet has its own unique features and benefits, so it is important that users conduct their own research and choose the wallet that best suits their needs.

Once a user has an Ethereum wallet, they can acquire ether in a variety of ways. The most common way is to purchase it on a cryptocurrency exchange, such as Coinbase, Binance or Kraken. A user can also earn ether by participating in the Ethereum network, such as by "mining" or "staking." Mining involves solving complex mathematical equations to validate transactions on the blockchain, while staking involves holding ether in a special wallet to help secure the network and earn rewards.

Unique Aspects

One of the most unique aspects of ether is its use in the Ethereum ecosystem. Unlike bitcoin, which is primarily used as a store of value and a means of exchange, ether is used to power the Ethereum network. When developers build dapps and smart contracts on top of the Ethereum blockchain, they need to pay ether to execute these transactions. This is known as "gas," and it is a fee that is paid to the network to incentivize miners and validators to process transactions.

Another unique aspect of ether is its potential for scalability and innovation. The Ethereum network is constantly evolving, with new upgrades and improvements being added on a regular basis.

Ether is also unique in its potential for creating new financial instruments and applications. One example is decentralized finance (DeFi), which is a rapidly growing sector of the cryptocurrency industry. DeFi applications use smart contracts and other blockchain technologies to create decentralized versions of traditional financial instruments, such as loans, insurance and trading platforms. Ether is the primary currency used in the DeFi ecosystem, and it is a key component in many of these applications.


  • Smart Contracts . One of the most significant advantages of ether is its smart contract capabilities. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts that automatically enforce the terms of the agreement. This makes it easier to conduct transactions without the need for intermediaries such as lawyers or banks.
  • Decentralized Platform . Ethereum is a decentralized platform, which means that it is not controlled by any government or institution. This makes it more resistant to censorship and singular control..
  • Widely Accepted . Ether is widely accepted by merchants and can be used to purchase goods and services online. Many online retailers and service providers accept ether as a form of payment, which means that users can use it to buy everything from clothing to web hosting services.
  • Potential for Growth . Ethereum is still a relatively new technology, and as such, it has a lot of room for growth. As more developers create dapps on the platform, the demand for ether will likely increase, which could lead to an increase in value.
  • Fast Transactions . Ether transactions are processed quickly, usually within seconds. This makes it an ideal cryptocurrency for people who want to conduct fast transactions without having to wait for confirmation from a centralized authority.


  • Volatility . Like all cryptocurrencies, ether is highly volatile, which means that its value can fluctuate rapidly. This can make it difficult to predict its value and can lead to significant gains or losses for investors.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty . Cryptocurrencies are still largely unregulated, which means that there is a lot of uncertainty surrounding their legal status. This can make it difficult for investors to know how to navigate the market and can lead to increased risk.
  • Energy Consumption . The Ethereum blockchain is maintained by a network of computers that require a significant amount of energy to operate. This has led to concerns about the environmental impact of cryptocurrencies and the sustainability of their energy consumption.
  • Competition . Ethereum is not the only platform that allows developers to create dapps. There are many other platforms, such as Avalanche and Polkadot, that offer similar functionality. This means that Ethereum faces competition from other platforms, which could limit its growth potential.