Curve Fi: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research October 11, 2023

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  • Curve Fi is a decentralized exchange (DEX) protocol that optimizes stablecoin trading
  • It delivers low-slippage trades, minimal price impact and high efficiency
  • Curve Fi employs an automated market maker (AMM) algorithm tailored to facilitate stablecoin trading with optimal efficiency and minimal slippage.
  • It also offers yield farming and liquidity mining programs, incentivizing users to provide liquidity and earn additional rewards


Curve Fi is a decentralized exchange (DEX) protocol that was devised in order to optimize stablecoin trading by enhancing efficiency and offering low slippage. It stands out for its low-slippage trading, which can be attributed to the stable nature of its assets. This makes it attractive for stablecoin traders.

A Brief History

Curve Fi was launched in January 2020 by Michael Egorov, a prominent figure in decentralized finance (DeFi). Soon after, it gained significant traction due to its unique approach to stablecoin trading. This can be attributed to that fact when Egorov recognized the challenges faced by users on traditional DEXs, such as high slippage and inefficient pricing, Curve Fi introduced an automated market maker (AMM) algorithm tailored for stablecoin trading.

Curve Fi: Everything to Know

  • Automated Market Maker (AMM) Model: Curve Fi leverages an AMM model, where users who deposit assets into liquidity pools enjoy liquidity. These pools facilitate trades, and the minimal slippage and high efficiency delivered by Curve Fi's AMM algorithm optimizes stablecoin trading.
  • Stablecoin Focus: Curve Fi primarily supports stablecoins like USDT, USDC, DAI and TUSD. An emphasis on stablecoin trading has enabled Curve Fi to attract users seeking minimal price impact when exchanging stablecoins.
  • Low-Slippage Trading: Curve Fi's AMM algorithm is designed specifically to enable low-slippage trading of stablecoins, wherein slippage refers to the difference between the expected and executed trade prices. By leveraging Curve Fi's optimized solutions, users can avoid significant price impact during stablecoin exchanges, making it appealing to traders.
  • Yield Farming: Curve Fi also offers yield farming, where users provide liquidity to the protocol and earn additional tokens as rewards. Through the distribution of CRV tokens - the protocol's native cryptocurrency - Curve Fi also incentivizes liquidity provision in stablecoin pools. Thus, with yield farming, users are empowered to earn passive income on their stablecoin holdings.
  • Governance and CRV Token: CRV is the governance token of Curve Fi and its holders can vote on proposals and changes pertaining to the protocol. This decentralized governance model allows the community to influence Curve Fi's development. Additionally, CRV holders can stake their tokens to earn additional rewards, which further encourages participation and engagement within the Curve Fi ecosystem.

Getting Started

In order to begin using Curve Fi, an Ethereum wallet that supports dApp interaction, like MetaMask, Trust Wallet or MyEtherWallet is required. Once the wallet is in place, navigate to the Curve Fi interface on the Curve Finance website or other compatible platforms.

Curve Fi Interface

Curve Fi's interface was designed to be simple and intuitive. The platform specializes in stablecoin trading, offering pairs like DAI, USDC, USDT and TUSD. Stablecoins are pegged to fiat currencies in order to decrease price volatility.

Trading on Curve Fi

On Curve Fi, stablecoins must be deposited into liquidity pools in order to begin trading. These pools contain various stablecoin assets, enabling low-cost swapping between them. Liquidity allows users to earn fees and rewards, while depositors receive pool-specific tokens representing their share, which can be used for withdrawal.

Unique Aspects

Curve Fi achieves low-slippage trading through its innovative automated market maker (AMM) algorithm. This algorithm optimizes trades to minimize price impact, making Curve Fi more efficient than a traditional DEX, especially for stablecoins.

Curve Fi also integrates yield farming and liquidity mining programs. By staking pool-specific tokens, users can earn additional CRV tokens - Curve Fi's native token. These programs incentivize liquidity provision, enhancing the platform's ecosystem.


  • Low Slippage: An automated market maker (AMM) algorithm focused on stablecoin trading pairs is used by Curve Fi to reduce slippage and provide a more accurate and predictable trading experience.
  • Minimal Fees: On Curve Fi, trading generally incurs lower fees compared to traditional exchanges due to its decentralized nature, eliminating intermediaries and enabling cost-effective trading strategies.
  • Liquidity: Curve Fi leverages liquidity pools comprising various stablecoins, which allows for high liquidity and easy switching between various stablecoin assets.
  • Stablecoin Focus: The Curve Fi DEX focuses exclusively on stablecoin trading pairs, thereby catering to users who prioritize stability and predictability in their cryptocurrency transactions.
  • Secure and Transparent: Curve Fi operates on the Ethereum blockchain and benefits from its security features and decentralized nature. Smart contracts ensure trustless and transparent transactions, minimizing fraud risks and enabling users to track and verify transactions on the blockchain.


  • Limited Asset Support: Curve Fi's focus on stablecoins limits its ability to provide support for other cryptocurrencies, potentially restricting users who want to trade a broader range of assets.
  • Dependency on Ethereum: As an Ethereum-based protocol, Curve Fi is subject to Ethereum's limitations and scalability challenges. Thus, during peak trading periods, high network congestion can lead to increased transaction fees and slower confirmations.
  • Potential Smart Contract Risks : While smart contracts automate trading on Curve Fi, they may also introduce vulnerabilities and coding errors that could be exploited by malicious actors. Hence, users should exercise caution and conduct due diligence when using the platform.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty: The regulatory landscape for cryptocurrencies and decentralized exchanges like Curve Fi is still evolving. Any future changes in regulations could impact the availability and operation of Curve Fi in certain jurisdictions. Traders should stay abreast of the legal and regulatory environment in their respective regions.
  • User Experience Complexity: Curve Fi offers advanced features for experienced traders. However, novice users may find themselves confronting a steeper learning curve due to the specialized nature of stablecoin trading and decentralized protocols. With research and guidance, users can overcome these challenges and benefit from Curve Fi's unique advantages.