Crypto Investment: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research October 3, 2023

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  • Cryptocurrency investment involves buying and holding digital assets like bitcoin and ether for potential profit, subject to market volatility and risks
  • Cryptocurrency is virtual money that operates on decentralized networks called "blockchains," offering diverse investment opportunities
  • Investment in crypto requires thorough research, an understanding of the volatile market and the use of wallets and exchanges for secure transactions
  • Advantages of crypto investment include potential high returns, diversification and accessibility, while disadvantages include volatility and regulatory uncertainty


Cryptocurrency investment involves buying and holding digital assets like bitcoin and ether for potential profit, subject to market volatility and risks. Bitcoin, a well-known cryptocurrency, was introduced in 2009 by an anonymous person or group known as "Satoshi Nakamoto."

Bitcoin paved the way for other cryptocurrencies, sometimes referred to as "altcoins," such as ether, XRP and litecoin. Each cryptocurrency has unique features, use cases and underlying technologies, offering diverse investment opportunities.

A Brief History

The roots of cryptocurrency can be traced back to the late 20th century when the concept of digital cash gained traction. However, it was the introduction of bitcoin in 2009 that truly disrupted the financial landscape. Bitcoin's decentralized nature and ability to facilitate peer-to-peer (P2P) transactions without intermediaries captured the attention of technologists, libertarians and investors.

In the years that followed, the cryptocurrency market experienced significant growth and volatility. Bitcoin's price surged from a few cents to thousands of dollars, attracting mainstream attention and sparking interest in alternative cryptocurrencies. The introduction of Ethereum in 2015 expanded the possibilities of blockchain technology, enabling smart contracts and decentralized applications (dapps).

Crypto Investment: Everything to Know

  • Research and Due Diligence . Before investing in cryptocurrencies, it is important for individuals to conduct thorough research. Such research should include understanding blockchain technology, the specific cryptocurrency in which they plan to invest and the project team. Factors like scalability, security, utility and potential adoption should also be assessed.
  • Volatility and Risk . Cryptocurrency markets are volatile, with rapid price fluctuations. Thus, investors should understand and accept the inherent risks, consider risk tolerance and invest only what they can afford to lose. It is also helpful to diversify across multiple cryptocurrencies to mitigate risk.
  • Wallets and Exchanges . To invest in cryptocurrencies, investors must first obtain a digital wallet to securely store coins. Wallets can be software-based, known as "hot wallets," or hardware devices, known as "cold wallets." It is important to choose a reputable cryptocurrency exchange for buying, selling and trading, and to ensure the exchange has strong security measures and a user-friendly interface.
  • Investment Strategies . Various strategies exist in crypto investment. Some investors opt for long-term holdings, while others engage in short-term trading. "Day trading," "swing trading" and "dollar-cost averaging" are popular strategies.
  • Regulatory Landscape . Cryptocurrency regulations vary across countries. Therefore, it is important for investors to stay informed about the legal and regulatory environment in specific locations. They must also comply with tax obligations, as tax authorities focus on cryptocurrency-related activities, and seek professional advice, if needed.

Getting Started

To begin crypto investment, it is important to follow these essential steps:

First, investors should choose a reliable and secure cryptocurrency exchange, which is a platform for buying, selling and trading cryptocurrencies. This step involves researching and selecting an exchange with a good reputation, strong security measures and a wide range of cryptocurrencies.

Next, the investor must create an account on the chosen exchange, which involves providing personal information and completing any verification processes. Once the account is set up, the investor can deposit funds into the exchange wallet. Most exchanges support various payment methods such as bank transfers, credit or debit cards or other cryptocurrencies.

With funds in an exchange wallet, the investor can begin investing in cryptocurrencies. However, the investor should remember to conduct careful research and consider different cryptocurrencies, the associated underlying technologies and potential use cases. It is also important to stay updated on market trends, news and regulatory developments that may impact the crypto market.

Unique Aspects

Crypto investment has several unique aspects that distinguish it from traditional forms of investment. One notable characteristic is the decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies. Unlike fiat currencies controlled by central banks, cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized networks called "blockchains." These blockchains are maintained by a network of participants, making them resistant to censorship and manipulation.

Another unique aspect of crypto investment is the potential for significant returns. The crypto market is highly volatile, with cryptocurrency prices experiencing rapid fluctuations. While this volatility poses risks, it also presents opportunities for substantial gains. However, it is important for investors to exercise caution and avoid investing more than they can afford to lose.

Crypto investment provides access to a wide range of investment opportunities. Besides well-known cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and ether, there are thousands of other cryptocurrencies with unique features and purposes. Some aim to solve specific problems or cater to niche markets, and this diversity allows investors to diversify portfolios and potentially benefit from the growth of different crypto sectors.

Additionally, crypto investment offers transparency, which often lacks in traditional financial systems. Blockchain technology enables transparent and unchangeable record-keeping, allowing investors to verify transactions and track fund movements. This transparency builds trust and provides a higher level of security compared to traditional financial systems.


  • Potential for High Returns . Cryptocurrency investment offers the potential for significant returns. The market has seen substantial growth, resulting in staggering price increases and substantial profits for early investors.
  • Diversification . Investing in cryptocurrencies allows investors to diversify investment portfolios, as cryptocurrencies operate independently of traditional financial markets, providing an additional layer of diversification. Including cryptocurrencies in investment strategies can potentially reduce risk by spreading investments across different asset classes.
  • Accessibility . Anyone with an internet connection has access to cryptocurrency investment opportunities. Unlike traditional investments that require substantial capital or intermediaries, individuals can buy and sell cryptocurrencies directly on various exchanges. This accessibility opens up investment opportunities to a wider range of people.
  • 24/7 Trading. The cryptocurrency market operates twenty-four hours per day, seven days per week, unlike traditional markets with specific hours. This means that investors can trade cryptocurrencies at any time, offering flexibility and the ability to react quickly to market movements. This appeals to individuals who prefer an active approach to investing.
  • Potential for Innovation . Cryptocurrencies are built on blockchain technology, which has the potential to revolutionize industries. By investing in cryptocurrencies, investors become part of an ecosystem that supports innovation and groundbreaking solutions, adding excitement and long-term growth prospects.


  • Volatility . Cryptocurrencies are known for high volatility, meaning that prices can fluctuate rapidly and significantly within short periods. While this presents profit opportunities, it also carries substantial risks, so investors must be prepared for price swings and potential losses.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty . The regulatory landscape for cryptocurrencies is still evolving in many jurisdictions as governments and regulatory bodies decide how to address the unique challenges posed by cryptocurrencies. This uncertainty creates risk for investors, as new regulations or restrictions may impact the value and viability of certain cryptocurrencies.
  • Market Manipulation . The crypto market is susceptible to manipulation due to a relatively small size and lack of regulation in certain areas. Market manipulation tactics, insider trading and pump-and-dump schemes can artificially inflate or deflate cryptocurrency prices, so investors should exercise caution, conduct thorough research and make informed investment decisions.
  • Security Risks . While cryptocurrencies use robust cryptographic technology, individual wallets and exchanges can still be vulnerable to hacking and cyber attacks. Investors must take precautions by using reputable exchanges and implementing strong security measures like two-factor authentication (2FA) and offline storage options.
  • Lack of Tangible Value . Unlike traditional assets such as stocks or real estate, cryptocurrencies lack intrinsic or tangible value. Instead, value primarily comes from market demand and investor sentiment. This makes it challenging to determine the true value of a cryptocurrency, leading to increased uncertainty and potential price volatility.