Circle: Everything to Know

By  Beluga Research August 4, 2023

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  • Circle is a cryptocurrency company that offers a range of products and services, including a stablecoin
  • It is known for launching USDC (USD Coin), a popular stablecoin in the cryptocurrency market.
  • USDC is a digital asset pegged to the US dollar, allowing for stability and easy conversion between crypto and fiat currencies
  • Circle plays a significant role in facilitating crypto-to-fiat transactions and has gained prominence in the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem


Circle is a cryptocurrency company that offers a range of products and services, including a stablecoin called USDC, designed to enable fast and secure digital transactions. It is a leading fintech company that specializes in digital currency and blockchain technology.

Founded in 2013 by Jeremy Allaire and Sean Neville, Circle aims to make it easier for individuals and businesses to manage, store, and trade cryptocurrencies. The company has established itself as a prominent player in the crypto space, offering various products and services that cater to both retail and institutional clients.

A Brief History

Circle began in 2013, when it was founded with the vision of creating a global digital currency platform. Initially, the company focused on developing a peer-to-peer payment network that would enable users to send and receive payments using bitcoin. Over time, Circle expanded its offerings and evolved into a comprehensive financial services provider.

In 2015, Circle made headlines by becoming the first company to receive a BitLicense from the New York State Department of Financial Services. This license allowed Circle to operate as a regulated virtual currency business in New York, further solidifying its position in the cryptocurrency industry. The following year, Circle made a significant strategic shift by discontinuing its bitcoin exchange services and introducing Circle Pay, a mobile app that facilitated fiat currency transfers.

Circle: Everything to Know

Circle offers a wide range of products and services designed to simplify cryptocurrency transactions and enhance the overall user experience.

  • Circle Invest. Circle's investment platform allows users to buy, sell, and hold a variety of cryptocurrencies. With a user-friendly interface and intuitive design, Circle Invest caters to both novice and experienced investors. The platform supports popular cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), and Litecoin (LTC), providing users with a diverse portfolio of digital assets to choose from.
  • Circle Pay. As mentioned earlier, Circle Pay is a mobile app that enables users to send and receive money in multiple currencies. It allows for seamless fiat currency transfers between individuals and groups, making it a convenient tool for splitting bills, paying friends, or sending money internationally. Circle Pay also supports cryptocurrency transactions, allowing users to convert between fiat and digital currencies within the app.
  • Circle Business Accounts. Circle offers specialized accounts tailored to the needs of businesses operating in the cryptocurrency space. These accounts provide enhanced security features, seamless payment integration, and customizable solutions to streamline financial operations. Circle Business Accounts cater to various entities, including crypto exchanges, market makers, token projects, and institutional investors.
  • USDC Stablecoin. Circle is one of the driving forces behind the development of USD Coin (USDC), a popular stablecoin pegged to the US dollar. USDC is an ERC-20 token built on the Ethereum blockchain, providing users with a stable and transparent digital currency that can be easily transferred and traded. Circle, in collaboration with Coinbase, manages the reserves backing USDC, ensuring its stability and reliability.

Getting Started

To embark on your journey into the cryptocurrency circle, there are a few fundamental steps you need to take. First and foremost, you'll need a digital wallet. A digital wallet serves as your personal storage for cryptocurrencies, allowing you to send, receive, and store your digital assets securely. There are various types of wallets available, including software-based wallets that run on your computer or mobile device, as well as hardware wallets that provide an offline storage solution for enhanced security.

Once you have a wallet, the next step is to acquire some cryptocurrency. There are several ways to obtain cryptocurrencies, such as purchasing them from online exchanges, participating in Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), or even engaging in cryptocurrency mining. Exchanges act as platforms where you can buy and sell cryptocurrencies using traditional fiat currencies or other cryptocurrencies. It's important to choose a reputable exchange with a robust security track record.

After acquiring your desired cryptocurrencies, it's crucial to educate yourself about the specific characteristics and potential risks associated with each digital asset. Cryptocurrencies can vary significantly in terms of their underlying technology, purpose, and value proposition. Take the time to research and understand the intricacies of the cryptocurrencies you hold to make informed decisions and mitigate potential risks.

Unique Aspects

Cryptocurrency circles are characterized by several unique aspects that differentiate them from traditional financial systems. One such aspect is decentralization. Unlike traditional centralized monetary systems, cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized networks known as blockchain. This means that no single entity or authority has complete control over the currency. Instead, transactions are verified and recorded by a network of participants, ensuring transparency and reducing the risk of fraud.

Another unique aspect of cryptocurrency circles is the concept of pseudonymity. While transactions on a blockchain are transparent and traceable, the identities of the individuals involved in these transactions are often represented by cryptographic addresses or pseudonyms. This pseudonymous nature provides a certain level of privacy, as the real-world identities behind these addresses are not readily apparent. However, it's important to note that transactions can still be analyzed and linked together through sophisticated techniques.

Furthermore, cryptocurrency circles often embrace the principles of open-source development. The underlying codebases of many cryptocurrencies are publicly available, allowing developers from around the world to review, contribute, and propose changes to the code. This transparent and collaborative approach fosters innovation and ensures that the code is continuously improved and audited by a diverse community of experts.

Security is paramount in cryptocurrency circles. Cryptocurrencies utilize cryptographic techniques to secure transactions and control the creation of new units. The use of cryptographic algorithms ensures the integrity and authenticity of transactions, making it extremely difficult for malicious actors to manipulate the system. However, it's crucial for individuals to take responsibility for the security of their own digital wallets by employing strong passwords, enabling two-factor authentication, and keeping their wallet software up to date.


  • Security. Cryptocurrency Circle utilizes advanced cryptographic techniques to secure transactions. Each transaction is verified and recorded on a decentralized ledger called the blockchain, making it extremely difficult for malicious actors to tamper with or alter the transaction history.
  • Privacy. Cryptocurrency Circle offers a certain level of privacy by allowing users to conduct transactions without revealing their personal information. While the transactions themselves are recorded on the blockchain, the identities of the parties involved can remain pseudonymous.
  • Accessibility. Cryptocurrency Circle enables individuals who do not have access to traditional banking services to participate in the global economy. As long as users have an internet connection, they can send and receive funds using Cryptocurrency Circle, regardless of their geographical location.
  • Lower Transaction Fees. Traditional financial institutions often charge high fees for international transfers or other types of transactions. Cryptocurrency Circle eliminates the need for intermediaries, resulting in lower transaction fees for users. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals or businesses that frequently engage in cross-border transactions.
  • Faster Settlements. Traditional financial systems can be slow when it comes to settling transactions, especially for cross-border transfers. Cryptocurrency Circle, on the other hand, enables near-instantaneous settlement of transactions, eliminating the need for lengthy processing times.
  • Financial Inclusion. Cryptocurrency Circle has the potential to promote financial inclusion by providing individuals in underserved or unbanked regions with access to financial services. With a smartphone and internet connection, anyone can create a Cryptocurrency Circle wallet and start transacting.


  • Volatility. Cryptocurrency Circle is known for its price volatility. The value of Cryptocurrency Circle can experience significant fluctuations within short periods of time. This volatility can make it challenging for individuals to use Cryptocurrency Circle as a stable store of value or as a reliable medium of exchange.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty. As Cryptocurrency Circle operates outside the realm of traditional financial systems, it has faced regulatory challenges in many jurisdictions. Governments around the world are still figuring out how to regulate and classify cryptocurrencies, which can create uncertainty for users and businesses operating in the Cryptocurrency Circle ecosystem.
  • Lack of Consumer Protection. Unlike traditional financial systems, Cryptocurrency Circle transactions are irreversible. If a user accidentally sends funds to the wrong address or becomes a victim of fraud, it can be difficult to recover the lost funds. Additionally, there is no central authority or institution responsible for protecting consumers in the event of a dispute or fraudulent activity.
  • Energy Consumption. The mining process used to validate and secure transactions on the Cryptocurrency Circle network requires a significant amount of computational power. This has led to concerns about the environmental impact of cryptocurrencies, as the energy consumption associated with mining can be substantial.
  • Scalability Challenges. Cryptocurrency Circle networks can face scalability challenges, particularly when it comes to processing a large number of transactions simultaneously. As the number of users and transactions on the network increases, it can put strain on the network's capacity, leading to slower transaction processing times and higher fees.